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Disclosure refers to the process of providing information or evidence relevant to a legal matter, particularly in the context of pretrial discovery in a civil lawsuit. In legal terms, disclosure requires parties to a lawsuit to provide each other with information and evidence relevant to the case in order to avoid surprises and ensure a fair and just resolution.

Purpose of Disclosure:

The purpose of disclosure is to ensure that parties to a legal matter have access to all relevant information and evidence necessary to support their claims or defenses. This exchange is to avoid surprises at trial and ensure that both sides have a fair opportunity to prepare and present their case. It is also intended to promote settlement negotiations and facilitate the efficient and cost-effective resolution of the case.

By providing full and frank disclosure of all relevant information and evidence, parties can avoid misunderstandings, unnecessary delays, and unnecessary expenses. In addition, disclosure can help ensure that the parties are able to achieve a fair and just resolution of the legal matter at hand.


In a personal injury case, disclosure might include:

  1. Medical records: The plaintiff may be required to disclose all medical records related to the injury, including hospital records, physician reports, and test results.
  2. Witness statements: Both the plaintiff and defendant may be required to disclose any witness statements they have collected, including those from eyewitnesses, expert witnesses, and character witnesses.
  3. Police reports: If the injury was the result of an accident or crime, the plaintiff and defendant may be required to disclose any police reports related to the incident.
  4. Insurance information: The parties may be required to disclose any insurance policies or coverage related to the injury, including medical insurance, liability insurance, and disability insurance.
  5. Employment records: If the injury resulted in lost wages or affects the plaintiff’s ability to work, the plaintiff may be required to disclose employment records, including salary information and work history.
  6. Photographs or videos: Both parties may be required to disclose any photographs or videos related to the injury, including those taken at the scene of the accident or during medical treatment.
  7. Expert reports: If either party has retained an expert witness, they may be required to disclose any expert reports or opinions related to the case.

These are just a few examples of the types of disclosures that may be required in a personal injury case. The specific information and evidence that must be disclosed will depend on the facts and circumstances of the case.