Trauma Brain Injuries (TBI )
All head injuries do not cause brain injuries. However, the cause of brain injuries is almost always a force or significant pressure applied to one’s head. The severity of the head injury varies the intensity and level of the resulting brain injury. A head injury can also cause a traumatic brain injury in some cases. These are usually caused by being struck on the head by a heavy object or falling from high points.
Every year, more than 1.7M people in the U.S. get affected by a traumatic brain injury. They are also called a Silent Epidemic, as many such injuries go unnoticed.
TBI includes closed head injuries where the head experiences a blunt force trauma, and the skull does not split. TBI can include penetrating injuries where penetration of bones is seen into the skill, or closed head injuries, where there is blunt force trauma to the head and no splitting of the skull. One may even experience an infection due to these.
Brain injuries may or may not result due to head injuries, as in many cases, TBIs are caused by falling from scaffolding, getting stuck under debris, or some equipment is collapsing. These can be a result of immediate impact on the head but may also cause due to some secondary factors like nerve fibers’ damage, swelling of the skull, or blood circulation interruption.
If the negligence of someone else has caused you or your loved one suffer from a severe brain injury, you may get some compensation for your loss or suffering. Consult with one of the Texas brain damage lawyers from our team today, and get your case reviewed to identify the best possible approach for your case. Our legal team takes pride in recovering numerous significant settlements prior, and are all geared up to get head to head with tough lawyers to recover your rightful monetary compensation.
Effects of a Traumatic Brain Injury
The mental and physical effects of the injury vary depending on the severity of your injury. Generally, injury is followed by some immediate impact. There may be a slight loss of consciousness due to mild TBI, while there may be prolonged unconsciousness due to severe TBI. The physical effects may include one or more of the following:
- Lack of energy
- Disturbed sleep cycle
- Loss of hearing
- Difficulty to maintain balance
Meanwhile, the mental effects might be:
- Difficulty concentrating
- Lack of focus
- Memory loss
- Impaired decision making
There are specific symptoms to TBI as well, which may vary depending on its severity.
Following are examples of some:
- Mild TBI: Depression, Attention deficit problems, memory loss and sensitivity to light and noise
- Moderate TBI: Cognitive and motor impairment needing extensive rehabilitation and therapy
- Severe TBI: Victims might enter a vegetative state like coma, respond minimally and need full-time assistance
Is there a treatment for Traumatic Brain Injuries?
Patients who receive immediate treatment have a higher chance of full recovery. The severity of injury decides the options for treatment. The mildest cases can be treated generally by rest and OTC medications. Nevertheless, the victim must be under close observation for any symptoms that might get worse with time. If one notices these symptoms worsening up, they should immediately visit the doctor. There are different options for the treatment of severe TBIs, which can be used in combination with one another. Some standard options for treatments of severe TBIs are medication, immediate emergency care, surgery, and rehabilitation.
Rehabilitation of Brain Injuries
This may be a prolonged and long process for many, involving various specialists. Victims suffering from a severe case of brain injury will generally need rehabilitation to relearn necessary mental and physical skills that might have been lost to the injury. This process may take weeks, months, or even years. Familiar rehabilitation specialists are:
- Rehabilitation nurses
- Physical therapists
- Social workers
- Occupational therapists
- Speech pathologists
Types of head injuries
- Concussions: these may cause losing awareness, confusion, disorientation, and memory loss temporarily.
- Skull fracture: it can be both visible and invisible. Noticeable symptoms of a skull fracture include bruising, swelling, and any form of bleeding.
- Cerebral Contusion: Wounds often cause attention and memory problems to the cerebellum
- Intracranial Hemorrhage: Bleeding or blood clots form inside the skill can damage the brain severely.
Claims for Closed Head Injuries
These are a type of traumatic brain injury where the dura meter (membrane protecting spinal cord and brain) and skull remain intact. The cause for closed injuries includes traumas like vehicle incidents, falls, proximity to an explosion or blast as well. Their severity also varies from being minor to very severe, which may even result in nervous deficits or, in the worst case, a wrongful death.
Common types of closed head injuries are listed below:
- Diffuse Axonal Injuries: Injuries to nerve fibers (axons) of the brain’s nerve cells (neurons).
- Concussions; Disruption to the brain’s standard functionality temporarily
- Cerebral Contusions: Bruises caused to brain tissues
- Intracranial Hematomas: Rupturing of blood vessels that cause the formation of a pool of blood around the brain between skull and brain
The symptoms of such an injury may surface immediately after the incident. Still, they may also take days or even weeks after the initial injury in some cases due to the brain swelling due to trauma. Symptoms for these injuries also vary from being moderate to severe. However, if someone displays even a minor sign of a closed head injury after the accident, they should be provided with immediate medical assistance. Symptoms of closed injury include:
- Slurred speech
- A possible state of coma
Secondary symptoms like depression, anxiety, cognitive disabilities, loss of social skills, and changes in personality and perception may develop during the recovery period of a victim. Their treatment is then decided according to the severity of both their initial and secondary symptoms. Treatments can include anything from cognitive and physical rehabilitation to medication, or in very severe incidents, medically induced comas or surgery. Many individuals do recover entirely from a closed head injury, but others do not gain their previous levels of cognitive and physical abilities fully.
Brain injuries are caused by blunt force trauma to the head and are very serious. Sometimes this may even lead to a skull fracturing that damages blood vessels, membranes, and the brain. Workers often get brain injuries at their workplaces by falling or getting struck by a very heavy object. Offshore, mine and construction workers are some of those who might have a higher probability of experiencing a skull fracture.
Four different types of skull fractures are there, explained as follows:
There are four different types of skull fractures:
- Basilar fractures: These fractures occur at the skull’s base and may tear the pituitary gland. The signs that must be looked for are eye bruising and fluid dripping from ears and nose. Along with this, there also comes a risk of impotence, diabetes, or reduced libido.
- Linear fractures:This type of fracture spreads from the outer to the inner table, along with the entire thickness of the skull. Skull fractures are quite severe, but linear fractures are only a cause of concern when they occur close to a suture (joint) or vascular channel in the skull, else they aren’t as damaging. In the former case, certain complications may occur like an epidural hematoma, which is building up blood, sinus thrombosis, which is a kind of stroke or diastasis, which is an abnormal separation.
- Diastatic fractures:These fractures are usually common among infants as the sutures of their heads are not fused yet. Nevertheless, adults may also get affected by it. They typically occur when the line of fracture moves across at least one suture of the skull.
- Depressed Fractures:Blunt force trauma to the head causes inward displacement of some skull bone in this type of fracture. A higher pressure risk is involved in these to the brain, which may rush to blood vessels and crush tissues. The outside environment by skull protects the internal cranial cavity. If a depressed fracture fractures the skull, it gets in to contact with the external environment and hence may get infected. Often, surgery must be done to repair these fractures.
Consult a Houston Traumatic Brain Injury Lawyer for your case today!
If you or your loved ones have suffered from a TBI, you must immediately get a consultation from a Houston brain injury attorney. Brain injury treatments can cost up to millions of dollars, and most people never come back to a healthy life. If another party’s negligence causes your injury, you are entitled to receive full financial compensation for your loss.
We can review your case facts and determine the legal options available for you. We hold pride in successfully recovering billions of dollars for our clients, who were injured wrongfully.