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Negligence occurs when one falls short of their duties, either by inaction or acting without proper care. A reasonable person would recognize both as irresponsible behavior which can carry legal and other ramifications. It can be based on the lack of appropriate care under certain conditions and may include both intentional behavior as well as omissions–when another person was owed help due to previous misconduct.


Negligence can be a complex concept to understand, but breaking it down into four distinct types gives us an insightful understanding of the different responsibilities and potential liabilities caused by carelessness. These include gross negligence, comparative negligence, contributory negligence and vicarious liability – all differing in severity for addressing any consequences that arise from errors or accidents.

  • Gross: When someone does something very careless and it results in harm to others. For example, if someone drives recklessly and kills another person, they can be charged with involuntary manslaughter.
  • Comparative: Comparative neglect is a legal principle that can be used by a court to reduce the amount of damages that a plaintiff can recover in a negligence-based claim. The amount of damages that can be recovered is reduced according to the degree of negligence each party contributed to the incident.
  • Contributory: Contributory neglect is a legal doctrine that says plaintiffs cannot recover damages from the neglect of others if they themselves were negligent in causing the harm. In many jurisdictions, contributory neglect has been replaced by the doctrine of comparative neglect.
  • Vicarious Liability: Vicarious liability is a legal rule that makes a person or company responsible for the actions of others. This usually applies to people who are in charge of others who harm someone else.

What type of negligence state is Texas?

In Texas, we follow a “modified” comparative negligence standard when it comes to suing for damages after an accident. This means that even if you are partially at fault for an accident, you can still sue for damages. However, if you are found to be more than 50% at fault for an accident, you will not be able to recover any damages.

Negligence Synonyms:

Carelessness, dereliction of duty, neglect

Dereliction of Duty